Unit 4 Book 2 单词导学提纲
1.n.& v. 减少;降低____________ 反义词:_________________
There has been a steady ________ in population in this city. 这个城市的人口在持续下降。
on the ________ 意为“___________”
___________ to 意为“___________”
___________ by 意为“____________”
There is a decrease _____ the number of visitors to the museum. It has decreased ____ 500 a day, that is, it has decreased ______ 50%.
2. die ____ 灭亡;逐渐消失;绝迹
Many old customs are gradually ________ ______.
The sound of the car died away in the distance.
It took a long time for the excitement to die down.
He is dying for the news from her.
die ____ hunger / an illnes / old age / cancer
die ____ overwork / a wound
3. _______ n. 损失;遗失;丧失
Did you report the ____ of your jewellery to the police?
The company suffered a heavy ____ ___ ____ ______ ____ that mistake.
make up a loss ___________ at a loss __________
--- v. lose (过去式_____, 过去分词_______)
4. The people were hunting an injured elephant. ____________
Lucy has hunted everywhere but she can’t find her newly-bought necklace. Thousands of people have joined the hunt for the missing child.
5. vi. 响应;做出反应________ --- n. 回答;答复;反应;响应________
Has she _________ to your letter ?
The patient is ________ well to the treatment.
The law was passed in _______ to public pressure. 在公众压力该项法规获得通过She made no ________ .
6. adj. 远的;远处的_________ --- n. 远方;远处_____________
D_______ education is used by many countries nowadays.
Recently, my best friend, Lily, has become _______.
in the distance ___________ from / at a distance _______________ keep sb at a distance ___________________
7. The use of this kind of medicine in operations is to give patient r______ from pain. 手术中这种药的使用是为了减轻病人的痛苦 。
It is ___ ____ to be able to talk to someone about it.
in _______ 如释重负;松了口气to one’s ______ 令某人感到宽慰的是--- v 减轻;解除____________ --- adj. 感到宽慰的;放心的________
It _____ ______ ______, the children all arrived home, sound and safe.
8. burst into laughter = burst out laughing ____________
burst into + n. = burst out + doing 突然……
突然大哭起来_____________ = ____________
burst inot anger _____________ burst into flames ________________
9. protect …from … ___________________
Use an umbrella to _______ yourself ______ the rain.
拓展:protect 也可与against 连用,通常指通过大范围的保护来抵御侵略或自然灾害等;对于较小的事情用from.
The tea trees must be protected against frost in winter.
It can protect the country against attack.
--- n. ___________ 常见的短语有:
under the protection of _______________
注意区分:prevent …from …; stop … from …; keep … from …
10. _________ vt. 包含;容纳(强调内部“含有”某物或某些成分这一事实) The pill _________ vitamins. 这个药丸中含有维生素 。
The house __________ four rooms.
The hall can________ 3000 people.
He was so excited that he could hardly _______ himself.
近义词:include “包括”侧重指把某物作为另一事物的一个组成部分 。常用including 这个介词形式。
There are eight people here, including three children.
When he opened the schoolbag, he found that it _______ two books and a pen.
The album ______ twelve songs in all,______ many classics.
A includes; including B. contains; included
C. includes; included
D. contains; including
11. affect vt. ______________
The amount of rain ________ the growth of crops.
He was deeply ________ by my words.
This disease ______ millions of people in the world every year.
--- n. _________
affect = have an ______ on / upon
The news did not ______ her at all.
= The news did not ____ ____ ______ ___ her at all.
12. pay much / more / no / little attention to _______________
We should pay much attention to the health of the students. 变为被动语态: _______________________________________________.
The students couldn’t fix his attention on what the teacher was saying.
Before long he turned his attention to playing basketball.
13. _________ v. 意识到;理解;领会
I am afraid you have not ______ the importance of the matter.
We greatly ________ your timely help.
Her talent (才能) for music was not _________ .
I would ________ it if you call me back.
I _________ being given this opportunity.
None of us appreciate ____ in our daily life.
A. making fun of
B. to make fun of
C. to be made fun of D . being made fun of
14. ________ vi. 成功;做成;达到目的(in doing sth )
He ______ ____ _______ (get) the job. 他成功地得到了那份工作。
The young man will ______ Mr White as director.
(此句中,______ 用作_____ 动词,意为“________________”)
The storm was _________ by a calm. 暴风雨后一片宁静 。
(此句中,______ 用作_____ 动词,意为“________________”)
同义句转换:Luckily, everyone was able to eacape from the burning house.
= Luckily, everyone ______ to escape from the burning house.
= Luckilly, everyone _______ in escaping from the burning house. --- n. __________ 意为“_____________”--- adj. ______ --- adv. _______
He is ___ _____ as a teacher.
15. 观察下列各句中employ 的不同用法:
The factory employs a thousand workers.
How do you employ your spare time?
Why didn’t you employ the new method?
The children were employed in painting.
--- n. 受雇佣者;雇工__________ --- n. 雇主;雇佣者___________
--- n. 雇佣;使用;职业_________
employ sb as/to be... 雇用...任命
be employed to do sth 受雇用做某事
be employed in sth/doing sth=employ oneself in sth/doing sth
16. harm ________ n.[u] do sb harm=do harm to sb
Too much drinking will do harm to you.
vt. Too much drinking will harm you
--- __________ adj.有伤害的--- _______ adj. 无伤害的= of no harm
mean no harm ____________
1. You are not allowed to h______ animals or birds in this forest.
2. The book c________ 10 maps, including 3 world maps.
3. Because of the worldwide financial crisis (金融危机), many people get lower i______.
4. Though it rained heavily, we s______ in getting there on time.
5. The incident will a__________ relations between the two countries.
6. Without saying a word, Mary r______ to my suggestion with a laugh.
7. To keep healthy, people should d_____ the amount of fat that they eat.
8. A nature r__________ is a protected area for wildlife or natural features of special interest.
9.This kind of drug can p_________ children from mosquitoes.
10.The noise outside a__________ our study.
11.The farm covers an a_________ of 30 mu.
12.I have a pain in my s__________ as I ate a green grape just now.
13.The little baby should stay away from i__________.
14.Sea water __________ (含有) salt.
15.The road is covered with thick __________ (泥土).
16.I have not heard from my brother ___________(最近).
17.The tiger is a __________ (凶猛的)animal.
18.The little girl loves collecting __________ (蝴蝶).
19.----I ____ to a party, but I’ve got nothing to wear.
---- Why don’t you have a dress made for the party?
A was asked
B will ask
C have asked
D have been asked
20. I want to buy that kind of cloth because I _____ the cloth _____ well.
A have told; washed
B have been told; washes
C was told; washed
D have been told; is washed
21. This is one of the happiest days ____ spent in my life.
A that have ever been
B that has never been
C which was ever
D we have spent。